Tools and Methods

比较和评估化学危害以进行明智的替代

P2OASys (Pollution Prevention Options Assessment System) P2OASYS是由马萨诸塞大学洛厄尔大学的有毒用途减少研究所(TURI)开发的,以帮助公司评估当前替代技术的不可预见的后果。P2OASYS允许公司评估替代技术对环境,工人和公共卫生的影响。该工具会使用汇总分数自动根据11个端点比较当前过程与替代方案,这取决于存在的化学分数。
GreenScreen for Safer Chemicals Greenscreen®是通过清洁生产行动开发的,以支持向更安全的化学品过渡,并支持有关化学物质在产品和工艺中使用的更明智的决策。Greenscreen®提供了严格的比较危害评估,用于评估基于18个危险端点的关注化学物质的替代方法。
QCAT (Quick Chemical Assessment Tool) Using GreenScreen® as a blueprint, QCAT was developed by the Washington State Department of Ecology to function as a simpler tool for smaller businesses. QCAT is a screening tool for evaluating chemicals/substances to determine their degree of toxicity and assess alternatives. Chemicals are rated based on an aggregated score of nine hazard endpoints, but relative toxicities can also be assessed based on individual endpoints.
美国EPA DFE替代万博网站网址评估危险评估标准 Design for the Environment (DfE) Program Alternatives Assessment Criteria for Hazard Evaluation is a chemical hazard assessment guide produced by the US EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention & Toxics. The guide focuses on environmental toxicity, fate, and the physiochemical properties that present inherent safety risks. Multi-stakeholder partnerships are convened to determine the functionality of substitutes and to appoint high-risk chemicals; therefore, the document is subject to revision. Last updated August 2011.
Hansen Solubility Parameters The Hansen Solubility Parameters theory can be used to predict which solvents will be able to quickly dissolve and/or soften the target solutes, and is an efficient method to rapidly identify safer and effective alternatives to toxic solvents used in a variety of products.
Column Model The Column Model was developed by the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (IFA) of the German Social Accident Insurance as a tool for industry for identifying alternative substances. The tool allows for the comparison on chemicals/substances or materials/mixtures based on six hazard endpoints. Endpoints are compared individually and collectively, and the user makes the final evaluation.
亚竞技(替换支持门户)替换步骤 Substitution Steps by Substitution Support Portal (SUBSPORT) is a six-step web-based guide that can be used as a quick screening tool to assess the suitability of hazardous chemical alternatives. The guide provides a collection of internal and external tools to assist in each step of the evaluation of alternatives with a focus on safety, practicality, and continued improvement.
Greenscreen列表翻译器 GSLT是通过清洁生产动作作为化学物质的快速筛选评估工具开发的。筛查评估结果三个结果:高度关注,可能是高度关注和未知的结果。GSLT旨在使用完整的Greenscreen®方法对化学品优先进行更全面的评估。
ChemHAT (Chemical Hazard and Alternatives Toolbox) ChemHAT is an internet database based on the simple idea that when we know how a chemical can hurt us we can take protective action. There are solutions at the bottom of the hierarchy of controls. Sometimes that action is using the chemical wearing gloves or with extra ventilation. ChemHAT was designed to let us ask and answer a different question. Instead of what engineering controls and personal protective equipment do I need to lower the levels of exposure to a "safe" level, ChemHAT is being designed to answer the question, "Is there a way to get this job done without using dangerous chemicals?" We know from stories of substitution and elimination that already exist, the answer can be yes.
PRIO – A tool for Risk Reduction of Chemicals PRIO was developed by the Swedish Chemical Inspectorate (KemI) to help eliminate high hazard chemicals from products to meet the Swedish government's goal of a "non-toxic environment" by 2020. PRIO contains a database of chemicals of high concern to human health and the environment, which are divided into "phase-out" or "priority risk reduction" chemicals. “Phase-out” chemicals should be avoided or substituted, and the tool provides a seven step process for identifying safer alternatives. For “priority risk reduction” chemicals, further assessments are recommended to ensure risk minimization.
RISCTOX 利苏克斯是由西班牙工会卫生,工作与环境研究所(ISTA)和欧洲工会研究所(ETUI)开发的,是基于欧洲的环境和健康标准。该工具包括超过100,000种化学药品,根据欧盟第1272/2008条提供有关物质分类和标签的信息,健康和环境的影响和风险以及环境与健康法规。用户可以通过危险端点或特定物质进行搜索。

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